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THE ORGANIZATION WORKS TO OVERSEE AND MONITOR THE SAFETY OF BUILDINGS AND CONSTRUCTIONS

The company POLIGONAL’ carries out technical inspection of buildings and constructions.
Industrial buildings and structures in the process of operation in accordance with the regulations for the safe and reliable operation of industrial buildings and structures shall be subject to systematic supervision of the technicians responsible for preservation of these objects.
To ensure quality systematic monitoring of technical condition of buildings and structures and their individual elements of the owner or authorized their body at enterprises, institutions and organizations irrespective of their form of ownership, its activities should create a service for monitoring the operation of buildings and structures, and assign responsible for proper operation, integrity and timeliness of repairs of buildings or structures. The monitoring service is included in the structure of the enterprise, institution or organization, as one of the major industrial and services depending on the number of employees can function as an independent structural unit or its function may be attributed to the Department of capital construction, construction group, as well as the relevant maintenance services: Energy Department, Transport Department, etc.
When accident monitoring workers zajekspluataciej buildings and structures required to primarily:
-take all necessary measures to rescue the victims and assist them;
-put in place a plan to eliminate accidents (emergency situations) if available;
-take measures to prevent the further spread of the devastation of the fire, the release of harmful substances, etc.;
-establish the boundary of the danger zone and restrict access to it for people.
All production buildings and facilities of an enterprise or part thereof (span, floor) by order of the head of the company allocated to departments, divisions and other units of the enterprise (Organization) in the specified area. The heads of the relevant departments (departments, divisions, etc.) are responsible for the proper operation, integrity and timely repair for subdivision of buildings, structures or premises, constructions.
When it detects abnormalities in State structures or buildings exceeding normative values, head of structural unit shall inform about them in service to monitor the operation of buildings and structures, and to organize the systematic monitoring of structures and the development of defects and damages, and if individual construction or building as a whole are in disrepair, is obliged to suspend operation of the building subordinate units to ensure the evacuation of people from the danger zone and to take measures to ensure the sustainability of damaged structures to implement measures to restore the health of the object.
At the General inspection of all building or construction is examined as a whole, including all the building structure or structures, including technical equipment.
Partial inspection survey were subjected to individual buildings, or the construction of the complex, or individual designs or types of equipment (e.g., farm or beams of a building).
In addition to the systematic observation of buildings and constructions, all production buildings and structures are subjected to periodical technical inspections. Examinations may be on volume of General and capital, on frequency-systematic (regular) and periodic (extraordinary).
At the General inspection of all building or construction is examined as a whole, including all the building structure or structures, including engineering equipment, various types of external beautification, or the whole complex of buildings.
When the private inspection survey were subjected to individual buildings (structures) of the set, or individual construction, types of equipment (e.g., farm or beams of a building).
Usually, regular technical inspections of buildings General are held twice a year-in spring and autumn.
When spring technical inspection conducted after snowmelt, clarifies the scope of works for technical repair of buildings and structures, running in the summer period and identifies the amount of work on major repairs to enable them to plan for next year.
When spring technical inspection must:
-carefully check the condition of bearing and protecting designs and identify possible damage as a result of atmospheric and other influences;
-install the defective places that require long-term monitoring;
-check mechanisms and elements of Windows, lights, gates, doors and other devices;
-check the condition and set in order the drains, gulleys and otmostki.
Autumn inspection is carried out to verify the training of buildings and constructions for winter. By this time must be completed summer maintenance work.
When autumn technical inspection must:
-carefully check the bearing and protecting designs of buildings and structures and to take measures to eliminate all kinds of cracks and backlashes;
-check the preparedness of coating buildings and remove snow and the necessary funds for this purpose (snegotajalki, work equipment), as well as the condition of gutters and drains;
-check up serviceability and readiness for operation in winter conditions are encountered elements of Windows, lights, gates, doors, and other devices.
The current inspection of basic structures of buildings with a heavy crane equipment or buildings and structures operating in highly aggressive Wednesday, is held once in ten days. Buildings and facilities, which are operated in an aggressive Wednesday, subject to survey of specialized organizations at least once a year with valid records in the passport of the technical condition of the structures and activities needed for the maintenance of building constructions in the source operational capacity.
In addition to regular inspections, there may be extraordinary inspections of buildings and structures after natural disasters (fires, windstorms, heavy rains or snowfall, since fluctuations of the Earth’s surface is in areas with high seismic activity, etc. d.) or accidents.
Particularly hard mode all types of inspections should be established for industrial buildings and structures erected on undermined underground workings territories to subsiding soils, as well as operated in constant vibration.
Each of the current inspection is necessary to make a cursory examination of all designs and check out the detail of not less than 10% of the load-bearing constructions sites on Visual technique, using appropriate measuring instruments, which are reflected in the technical journal operation. For inspection and the inspection of those sites specialists installation organizations or specialized organizations with the appropriate license and permit of Gospromgornadzor.
Design, technical and documentation needed for the supervision and monitoring of technical condition of buildings and constructions
The original documentation required to enter a building or structure in operation is:
-Act of the State technical acceptance Commission for admission to the object;
-list project, scientific and other organizations involved in the design of the facility;
-list of organizations involved in the production of construction and erection works, with an indication of the types of work performed and the names of the technicians responsible for implementing them;
-a set of working drawings, on which construction of the object with the changes in the process of construction;
-approved project-estimate documentation and help on the main technical and economic indicators of the object;
-geodetic scheme de facto arrangement of engineering networks;
-documents on the challenge of the land and permission of the State architectural construction control for construction and installation works;
-documents on the geodetic Center Foundation construction, as well as documents on the surveying in the construction process;
-documents on the geology and hydrology of the construction site, the results of tests of soil and groundwater analyses;
-Passport on equipment and machinery;
-documents certifying the quality of materials, designs and products used in the production of construction and installation works;
-acts on the hidden work and staging acts of acceptance of separate constructions;
-acts on the testing of internal and external electrical installations and electrical networks;
-acts of devices, telephones, television, radio alarm and automation;
-acts on the testing of assembled equipment; acts of technological pipelines, domestic cold and hot water supply systems, sewerage, gas, heating and ventilation; external networks of water supply, sewerage, heating, gas supply and drainage devices; acts on seal (sealing) of inputs and releases the utilities in their passage through the walls of cellars;
The timing of the inspection of constructions
The frequency of ongoing inspections (at least)
Operating conditions and intensity of exposure
The amount of an
designs
1
2
3
Two times
per month
Particularly heavy work routine
All crane designs and 10% of the elements nodes and connections for each different type of structures
Pay special attention to the search for damage in the form of cracks and loosening bolts and rivets
Sil’noagressivnaja Wednesday
20% of the elements, units and structures for each type of connection
The main attention to the condition of the paint coating
Once per month
Heavy duty work
20% of the elements, units and structures for each type of connection
The main attention to the condition of the runways
Sredneagressivnaja Wednesday
20% of the elements, units and structures for each type of connection
The main attention to the condition of the paint coating
Heavy traffic floor vehicles
All columns (in the working area), 10% of other elements, units and structures of compounds
Strong heating
All constructions in the zone heating and 10% other
The main attention to the curvature of the elements and the condition of the paint coating
Once every three months
10% of the elements, units and structures for each type of connection
Note: constructions (galleries, hopper trestle, cooling towers, etc.) are inspected at least once every three months
-acts of fire safety devices, explosion, lightning protection;
-acts of radiation survey of the facility;
-acts on the implementation of the activities envisaged under the project protivosejsmicheskih for construction in seismic areas;
-acts on the implementation of the activities during the construction on the territory of distribution in soils, groundwater, karst podrabotkami;
-journals production work, supervision, materials of inspections by Government oversight in the construction process;
-acts about the inspection of buildings, constructions and premises of the mounted equipment produced working commissions (in accordance with Annex 2, forms and DBN 3 1.2 and 3.1. -3 -94);
-certificate of conformity imposed action capacity capacity stipulated by the project;
-help urban along with operating organizations that external external communication of cold and hot water, plumbing, heating, electrical and telecommunications would ensure normal operation of the facility and taken to service;
-summaries of the Working Commission on the preparedness of the object in General to the acceptance into service of the State acceptance Commission;
-technical passport for the building and construction.

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